The Amsterdam Science Park (ASP) is part of the Watergraafsmeer polder reclaimed from the sea
in 1629. While the wider area was inhabited by wealthy summer residencies in the 17th and 18th
century, the site at the seafront was used for agriculture. Since 1921, the Watergraafsmeer is part
of the eastern district of the city of Amsterdam. Although historical local communities live well-
connected with the place, newcomers live and work alienated from their natural and social
surroundings. The main development of the area was done by the University of Amsterdam, the
Dutch National Research Organisation (NWO) and the municipality of Amsterdam, setting up the
Around these core facilities, science and tech-related businesses and start-ups set their premises.
Several apartments were built for student housing. Science Park is not in the regular traffic zone
for city inhabitants and is bordered by train-tracks on the southwest-side and is further
encapsulated by water on the southeast- and north-side. It is an area that you need to visit on
purpose. The ASP masterplan was formulated in 2003 and was updated into a ‘Development
vision’ (‘Ontwikkelvisie’) in 2018. Throughout the urban transformation of the ASP the area has
always maintained to conserve the historical polder characteristics. The current phase of
development is planned for the coming decade, starting from the centre moving outwards. The Amsterdam pilot is focused on Amsterdam Science Park (ASP) and has a thematic focus on
urban ecology. Over the past 20 years, ASP has grown into one of Europe’s largest clusters of
fundamental science, science-based education and valorisation. Its surrounding area has evolved
from an erstwhile agricultural function at the outskirts of the city to an urban centre, increasingly
drawing ASP into the urban core of the Dutch capital. In the ASP urban ecology pilot Waag will
research the concept of a city putting living systems at the core of urban planning and design. The
hypothesis is that this would lead to a world without cities as they are traditionally understood. The
thematic focus of the pilot actively engages with the new goals articulated in the ‘Development
vision’ by enhancing ‘the ecosystem for innovation’ with ‘human interaction’ and ‘integration into
the urban fabric’, as well as contributing to the ‘interaction environment’ as part of ‘diversifying
functions’ (‘verkleuren’) in the area. The pilot focuses on the wellbeing of inhabitants in the area, as
well as providing the facilities for the development of societal and ecological innovations.
The municipality of Amsterdam has provided permits to build temporary buildings as part of the
area development, that can potentially be transformed into permanent functions. An example is the
Startup Village where start-ups as well as refugees have temporarily moved into
containerbuildings. Here Waag already collaborates with the ASP via the ‘planet B’ program, that
responds to the growing need for an interdisciplinary and inclusive approach to our future. The
outpost offers scientists, artists and citizens an open and collaborative space to explore new ways
Zorrotzaurre experienced its industrial heyday in the mid-sixties. A number of different industrial activities consolidated in the area, mostly related to the activity of the port. However, the crisis of the 1970s had a significant effect on the local industrial network, which progressively led to the closure of part of the industrial activity and the deterioration of the quality of life in the area.
In 2001, public and private Zorrotzaurre owners formed a Management Commission for the Urban Development of Zorrotzaurre, to promote and execute the urban regeneration plan of the area. Bilbao aspires, through Zorrotzaurre, to regain centrality and create a space where people can enjoy a wholesome life in the best possible environment, become the young and creative district of Bilbao and to utilize it as an urban lab as a gateway to the future of cities.
The project contemplates 5.500 new homes, half of them with some kind of protection (25% will be social housing, 25% will be fixed-price housing) to provide more affordable housing for the younger population. 500 old homes (most of them dating back to the early 20th century) are also being refurbished. 18 old industrial buildings are being refurbished and will be added to 150.000m2 of new office spaces. While most of the old industrial buildings will be devoted to higher education and vocational training, the new offices will be devoted to technology and knowledge intensive sectors. The masterplan takes into account three key elements to turn Zorrotzaurre into a ‘socially creative island’: technology, talent and cultural and social diversity.
Aleksotas is located in the southwest of Kaunas. The suburb grew rapidly in the 1920s, after Kaunas became the temporary capital of Lithuania. The area suffered much damage during World War II. For a long time, this area was dedicated to industrial purposes, factories, military base and low-rise residential buildings.
After the connectivity of Aleksotas improved, the development started to move rapidly. In 2017, Kaunas was awarded as 2022 European Capital of Culture. The cultural programme ‘Contemporary Capital’ is a call to all cultural actors and citizens to start the dialogue with the history and identity of the city. The regeneration in Aleksotas foresees the creation of Kaunas Innovation park. This area which used to be a military base is being converted into an industrial innovation area, building the physical infrastructures to fit investors’ needs towards the creation of a vibrant hub where businesses and creative and cultural actors can settle and collaborate.
Kaunas and Lithuania in general have a highly developed and growing IT sector, therefore developments are often related to IT and engineering sectors. The Cultural and Creative Industries and design sector is usually isolated from technology-intensive environments. A number of cultural and design activities as well as the implementation of meanwhile uses, such as a ‘circular design hub’, are foreseen. In relation to the innovation park project, various small-scale projects will take place such as regeneration of public spaces, parks, squares. A former boiler house will be converted into a community hub hosting a library, gym, event spaces, makerspaces.
Trafaria is a fisherman village in the south bank of the Tagus river, 10 minutes and 5 miles from Lisbon (by boat trip). This emblematic site has been deactivated for many years and symbolizes the military architecture of the old coast artillery regiment. The first buildings on this site were built in 1565. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Trafaria site was demolished and rebuilt from scratch, to serve once more as a prison until 1974, when prisoners were released, and the site was abandoned ever since.
The requalification of Trafaria is part of the development strategy outlined by the Almada City Council, which aims to promote economic development, boost cultural activities and stimulate a new strategy. The regeneration initiative aims to turn Trafaria into a hub of arts, culture and creativity, that sees the settlement of the Institute of Arts & Technologies at Trafaria ([email protected]) as the catalyser of new higher education, applied research and enterprise opportunities with an international outlook, yet with a strong focus on the creation of positive social and economic impacts over the area and its inhabitants.
Key activities envisaged by the regeneration are: High level training and applied research in different artistic areas with a strong technological focus (music, design, audio-visual, among others); Market-oriented collaborative research between industrial and artistic corporations, the academic sector and free-lance professionals from different areas; Enterprise acceleration and incubation in arts and culture.
Euston has a rich history. Opened in 1837, it created London’s first intercity station. The station itself was rebuilt in the 1960s by British Rail as part of the electrification of the mainline and has remained largely unchanged ever since. Given the central London location available land is under pressure and there are acute social problems such as inequality, overcrowding, crime and drug use, and safety issues.
The Euston masterplan seeks to make connections between communities, deliver a new network of public open spaces dedicated to culture and creativity, and develop opportunities for education and employment, all within a comprehensive mixed-use development. This regeneration project will see the development of at least 405,000 sqm of mixed-use development across the site. This could provide space for more than 30,000 office workers and deliver up to 2,000 homes, with an active ground plane of retail and cultural uses, accessed through a network of legible routes and open spaces.
All of this would be provided above 4 newly developed and refurbished rail stations (HS2, NR, London Underground and Crossrail 2) and a new bus interchange.
With a construction programme spanning the period to 2040, this project has an opportunity to test new ideas and meanwhile uses over a significant period of time and help deliver social value which transforms people’s lives in this part of central London. This is a project of national and global significance that will drive financial value and transformative social, economic and placemaking outcomes for Camden, London and the whole of the UK.
MIND-Milan Innovation District is the 1 million sqm area where the EXPO15 was organised, located at the north-west periphery of Milan. MIND has been conceived as a flagship project for the nation to compete on the global innovation space. It is a 99 year-long Public-Private Partnership between the public sector, Arexpo – publicly owned company whose shareholders are the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Lombardy Region, Municipality of Milan, Milan Fair Foundation, Città Metropolitana of Milan, and the Municipality of Rho – and, the private sector, Lendlease – Australian developer specialised in urban regeneration and infrastructure projects operating in North America, Europe, South East Asia and Australia.
MIND is located at the convergence of two typologies of suburban spaces: small size urban sprawls such as the municipalities of Baranzate, Bollate, Arese, Rho, Roserio, Pero and Mazzo; and a formerly industrialised area, which has undergone a process of de-industrialisation and is now looking for a new identity.
MIND aspires to become a lively city district fostering collaborative innovation and the experimentation of ahead-of-the-times lifestyles, to create social, cultural and economic growth and to serve people's well-being, locally and globally. The regeneration project foresees the development of 480,000 sqm of public uses and 480,000 sqm of private uses. Public uses will include students' accommodation, social housing and leisure, sports and cultural activities, while 205,000 sqm will host the 3 Public Anchors headquarters. The IRCSS Galeazzi research hospital will be completed by 2021 and will host around 9,000 staff, mainly dedicated to orthopaedics and cardiology. The Human Technopole, created as a legacy of Expo2015, is a national research centre on the future of health using genomics, big data analysis, new diagnostics and innovative therapies, connecting universities, international research institutes and hospitals. It will be completed in 2024 and will host 1,000 researchers and 500 administrative and technical staff. Finally, the University of Milan Statale's scientific campus will be completed in 2026 and will host around 18,000 students and 2,000 staff. The Masterplan includes commercial services and offices, residential, retail, light industry and hospitality, labs, culture, and sport-related uses concerning private use.
The rationale behind the industrial/innovation agenda exploits MIND's current anchors' capabilities in terms of R&D, to generate economic and social value at scale by creating a sustainable ecosystem of research institutions, start-ups, corporate and financial sector. Besides the Life Science specialisation, the innovation strategy has a second main focus: the city of the future standing for smart city solutions MIND partners are developing the new district with a view of turning it into a testbed where to test and scale disruptive innovations, new technologies, products, services, processes and projects aimed at improving human wellbeing and sustainable practices. As part of this effort, the Masterplan includes MINDLab a 110.550 sqm living-lab and creative open space facilitating and showcasing the interaction of the different types of users within MIND's ecosystem.